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Recent Research

Relevant research papers that have been published recently in peer-reviewed scientific journals, on the subject of carbohydrates and health and associated subjects, have been summarised below.

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Note to Readers: Any opinions expressed in the recent research abstracts are those of the authors of the original scientific papers and may not reflect the views of Sugar Nutrition UK.

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Sugar-Sweetened Beverages With Moderate Amounts of Fructose, but Not Sucrose, Induce Fatty Acid Synthesis in Healthy Young Men: A Randomized Crossover Study
Hochuli,M., Aeberli,I., Weiss,A., et al, (2014) J.Clin.Endocrinol.Metab. 99 (6):2164-2172     10.1210/jc.2013-3856

A new understanding of the relationship between sugars, dental caries and fluoride use: implications for limits on sugars consumption
Sheiham,A. and James,W.P., (2014) Public Health Nutr. 1-9 S136898001400113X

Impact of dietary macronutrient distribution on BMI and cardiometabolic outcomes in overweight and obese children and adolescents: a systematic review
Gow,M.L., Ho,M., Burrows,T.L., et al, (2014) Nutr.Rev. 10.1111/nure.12111

Low-calorie sweeteners and body weight and composition: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials and prospective cohort studies
Miller,P.E. and Perez,V., (2014) Am.J.Clin.Nutr. ajcn.082826

Trends in dietary carbohydrate consumption from 1991 to 2008 in the Framingham Heart Study Offspring Cohort
Makarem,N., Scott,M., Quatromoni,P., Jacques,P. and Parekh,N., (2014) Br.J.Nutr. 1-14 S0007114513004443

Using doubly labelled water to validate associations between sugar-sweetened beverage intake and body mass among White and African-American adults
Emond,J.A., Patterson,R.E., Jardack,P.M. and Arab,L., (2014) Int.J.Obes. 38:603-609     10.1038/ijo.2013.130

'Obesity paradox' misunderstands the biology of optimal weight throughout the life cycle
Dixon,J.B., Egger,G.J., Finkelstein,E.A., Kral,J.G. and Lambert,G.W., (2014) Int.J.Obes. 10.1038/ijo.2014.59

Association between intake of nutrients and food groups and liking for fat (The Nutrinet-Sante Study)
Mejean,C., Deglaire,A., Kesse-Guyot,E., Hercberg,S., Schlich,P. and Castetbon,K., (2014) Appetite 78:147-155     10.1016/j.appet.2014.03.017

Added sugar intake in South Africa: findings from the Adult Prospective Urban and Rural Epidemiology cohort study
Vorster,H.H., Kruger,A., Wentzel-Viljoen,E., Kruger,H.S. and Margetts,B.M., (2014) Am.J.Clin.Nutr. 99:1479-1486     ajcn.113.069005

Sweetened beverage consumption is associated with increased risk of stroke in women and men
Larsson,S.C., Akesson,A. and Wolk,A., (2014) J.Nutr. 144:856-860     10.3945/jn.114.190546

Dietary sugars and cardiometabolic risk: systematic review and meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials of the effects on blood pressure and lipids
Te Morenga,L.A., Howatson,A.J., Jones,R.M. and Mann,J., (2014) Am.J.Clin.Nutr. ajcn.113.081521

Short-term effects of glucose and sucrose on cognitive performance and mood in elderly people
van der Zwaluw,N.L., van de Rest,O., Kessels,R.P. and de Groot,L.C., (2014) J.Clin.Exp.Neuropsychol. 36:517-527     10.1080/13803395.2014.912613 

Sweetened carbonated beverage consumption and cancer risk: meta-analysis and review
Boyle,P., Koechlin,A. and Autier,P.,(2014). Eur.J.Cancer Prev. 10.1097/CEJ.0000000000000015

The effect of normally consumed amounts of sucrose or high fructose corn syrup on lipid profiles, body composition and related parameters in overweight/obese subjects
Lowndes,J., Sinnett,S., Pardo,S., et al, (2014).  Nutrients 6:1128-1144     10.3390/nu6031128

Misconceptions about fructose-containing sugars and their role in the obesity epidemic
van Buul,V.J., Tappy,L. and Brouns,F.J., (2014). Nutr.Res.Rev. 1-12     10.1017/S0954422414000067

Dietary sugar and body weight: have we reached a crisis in the epidemic of obesity and diabetes?: we have, but the pox on sugar is overwrought and overworked
Kahn,R. and Sievenpiper,J.L., (2014). Diabetes Care 37:957-962     10.2337/dc13-2506

Dietary sugar and body weight: have we reached a crisis in the epidemic of obesity and diabetes?: health be damned! Pour on the sugar
Bray,G.A. and Popkin,B.M., (2014). Diabetes Care 37:950-956     10.2337/dc13-2085

Effect of fructose on markers of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD): a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled feeding trials
Chiu,S., Sievenpiper,J.L., de Souza,R.J., et al,. (2014).  Eur.J.Clin.Nutr. 10.1038/ejcn.2014.8

Protein leverage and energy intake
Gosby,A.K., Conigrave,A.D., Raubenheimer,D. and Simpson,S.J.,  (2014). Obes.Rev. 15:183-191    10.1111/obr.12131

Consumption of Less Than 10% of Total Energy From Added Sugars is Associated With Increasing HDL in Females During Adolescence: A Longitudinal Analysis
Lee,A.K., Binongo,J.N., Chowdhury,R., et al, (2014). J.Am.Heart Assoc. 3:e000615    10.1161/JAHA.113.000615

Yes, the government should tax soft drinks: findings from a citizens' jury in Australia
Moretto,N., Kendall,E., Whitty,J., et al, (2014).  Int.J.Environ.Res.Public.Health. 11:2456-2471     10.3390/ijerph110302456

Dietary strategies for the management of cardiovascular risk: role of dietary carbohydrates
Macdonald,I.A., (2014) Proc.Nutr.Soc. 1-5  10.1017/S0029665114000032

Dietary determinants of hepatic steatosis and visceral adiposity in overweight and obese youth at risk of type 2 diabetes
Mollard,R.C., Senechal,M., Macintosh,A.C., et al, (2014) Am.J.Clin.Nutr. 10.3945/ajcn.113.079277

Knowledge, perceptions, and behaviors of adults concerning nonalcoholic beverages suggest some lack of comprehension related to sugars
Rampersaud,G.C., Kim,H., Gao,Z. and House,L.A., (2014) Nutr.Res. 34:134-142
10.1016/j.nutres.2013.11.004; 10.1016/j.nutres.2013.11.004

Under-reporting remains a key limitation of self-reported dietary intake: an analysis of the 2008/09 New Zealand Adult Nutrition Survey
Gemming,L., Jiang,Y., Swinburn,B., Utter,J. and Mhurchu,C.N., (2014) Eur.J.Clin.Nutr. 68:259-264
10.1038/ejcn.2013.242; 10.1038/ejcn.2013.242

Sugars and risk of mortality in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study
Tasevska,N., Park,Y., Jiao,L., Hollenbeck,A., Subar,A.F. and Potischman,N., (2014) AJCN 10.3945/ajcn.113.069369

Added sugar intake and cardiovascular diseases mortality among US adults
Yang,Q., Zhang,Z., Gregg,E.W., Flanders,D., Merritt,R. and Hu,F.B., (2014) JAMA 10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.13563

Limitations of observational evidence: implications for evidence-based dietary recommendations
Maki,K.C., Slavin,J.L., Rains,T.M. and Kris-Etherton,P.M. (2014) Adv.Nutr. 5:7-15

Averting Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes in India through Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Taxation: An Economic-Epidemiologic Modeling Study
Basu,S., Vellakkal,S., Agrawal,S., Stuckler,D., Popkin,B. and Ebrahim,S., (2014) PLoS Med. 11:e1001582

Relationship of food addiction to weight loss and attrition during obesity treatment
Lent,M.R., Eichen,D.M., Goldbacher,E., Wadden,T.A. and Foster,G.D.,. (2014) Obesity (Silver Spring) 22:52-55

Effect of restriction on children's intake differ by child temperament, food reinforcement, and parent's chronic use of restriction.
Rollins,B.Y., Loken,E., Savage,J.S. and Birch,L.L., (2014) Appetite 73:31-39





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