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Recent Research

Recent research on carbohydrates, health and associated subjects

The research papers summarised below have been published recently in peer-reviewed scientific journals. These represent a broad overview of the ongoing activity in this area, and stem from a variety of authors, institutions and funding sources.

Any opinions expressed in the recent research abstracts are those of the authors of the original scientific papers and may not reflect the views of Sugar Nutrition UK.

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"Eating addiction", rather than "food addiction", better captures addictive-like eating behavior
Hebebrand,J., Albayrak,O., Adan,R., et al, (2014) Neurosci.Biobehav.Rev. S0149-7634(14)00214-0

Diet or exercise interventions vs combined behavioral weight management programs: A systematic review and meta-analysis of direct comparisons
Johns,D.J., Hartmann-Boyce,J., Jebb,S.A., Aveyard,P. and Behavioural Weight Management Review Group, (2014) J Acad Nutr Diet 114 (10):1557-1568

Comparison of weight loss among named diet programs in overweight and obese adults
Johnston,B., Kanters,S., Bandayrei,M. et al, (2014) JAMA 312 (9):923-933    10.1001/jama.2014.10397

Higher fructose intake is inversely associated with risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in older Finnish adults
Kanerva,N., Sandboge,S., Kaartinen,N.E., Mannisto,S. and Eriksson,J.G., (2014) Am.J.Clin.Nutr. 100:1133-1138 10.3945/ajcn.114.086074

Artificial sweeteners induce glucose intolerance by altering the gut microbiota
Suez,J., Korem,T., Zeevi,D. and et al., (2014) Nature 10.1038/nature13793

Moderate amounts of fructose- or glucose-sweetened beverages do not differentially alter metabolic health in male and female adolescents
Heden,T.D., Liu,Y., Park,Y.M., Nyhoff,L.M., Winn,N.C. and Kanaley,J.A., (2014) Am.J.Clin.Nutr. 100:796-805    10.3945/ajcn.113.081232

Association between sugar-sweetened and artificially sweetened soft drinks and type 2 diabetes: systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies
Greenwood,D.C., Threapleton,D.E., Evans,C.E., et al, (2014) Br.J.Nutr. 112:725-734    10.1017/S0007114514001329

Systematic review of the evidence for an association between sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and risk of obesity
Trumbo,P.R. and Rivers,C.R., (2014) Nutr.Rev. 10.1111/nure.12128

The Effects of Fructose-Containing Sugars on Weight, Body Composition and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors When Consumed at up to the 90th Percentile Population Consumption Level for Fructose
Lowndes,J., Sinnett,S., Yu,Z. and Rippe,J., (2014) Nutrients 6:3153-3168    10.3390/nu6083153

Normal Roles for Dietary Fructose in Carbohydrate Metabolism
Laughlin,M.R. (2014) Nutrients 6:3117-3129   nu6083117

Processed foods: contributions to nutrition
Weaver,C.M., Dwyer,J., Fulgoni,V.L.,3rd, et al. (2014)  Am.J.Clin.Nutr. 99:1525-1542   ajcn.114.089284

The effect of non-caloric sweeteners on cognition, choice, and post-consumption satisfaction
Hill,S.E., Prokosch,M.L., Morin,A. and Rodeheffer,C.D., (2014) Appetite S0195-6663(14)00400-0

Systematic review: Carbohydrate supplementation on exercise performance or capacity of varying durations
Stellingwerff,T. and Cox,G.R., (2014) Appl.Physiol.Nutr.Metab. 39:998-1011   10.1139/apnm-2014-0027

Fructose, high-fructose corn syrup, sucrose, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease or indexes of liver health: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Chung,M., Ma,J., Patel,K., Berger,S., Lau,J. and Lichtenstein,A.H., (2014) Am.J.Clin.Nutr. ajcn.086314 

Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: Nutrition Guidance for Healthy Children Ages 2 to 11 Years
Ogata,B.N., (2014) J Acad Nutr Diet 114:1257-1276

European children's sugar intake on weekdays versus weekends: the IDEFICS study
Svensson,A., Larsson,C., Eiben,G., et al, (2014) Eur.J.Clin.Nutr. 68:822-828     10.1038/ejcn.2014.87

The impact of nutritional labels and socioeconomic status on energy intake. An experimental field study
Crockett,R.A., Jebb,S.A., Hankins,M. and Marteau,T.M., (2014) Appetite 81C:12-19     S0195-6663(14)00232-3

A Cross-Sectional Study Assessing Dietary Intake and Physical Activity in Canadian Patients with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease vs Healthy Controls
Da Silva,H.E., Arendt,B.M., Noureldin,S.A., Therapondos,G., Guindi,M. and Allard,J.P., (2014) J.Acad.Nutr.Diet. 114:1181-1194     10.1016/j.jand.2014.01.009

Effect of Eight Weeks of Overfeeding on Ectopic Fat Deposition and Insulin Sensitivity: Testing the "Adipose Tissue Expandability" Hypothesis
Johannsen,D.L., Tchoukalova,Y., Tam,C.S., et al, (2014) Diabetes Care DC_140761

Sugar-sweetened beverages and dental caries in adults: A 4-year prospective study
Bernabe,E., Vehkalahti,M.M., Sheiham,A., Aromaa,A. and Suominen,A.L., (2014) J.Dent. 42:952-958    10.1016/j.jdent.2014.04.011

High fructose corn syrup and sucrose sweetened milk improve dietary quality during weight loss by displacing energy dense, nutrient poor foods
Sinnett,S., Lowndes,J., Nguyen,V., Lv,N. and Rippe,J., (2014) Food & Nutrition Sciences 5:1005-1014     10.4236/fns.2014.511111

Effects of learning and food form on energy intake and appetitive responses
Jones,J.B. and Mattes,R.D., (2014) Physiol.Behav. S0031-9384(14)00353-9

Sugar-Sweetened Beverages With Moderate Amounts of Fructose, but Not Sucrose, Induce Fatty Acid Synthesis in Healthy Young Men: A Randomized Crossover Study
Hochuli,M., Aeberli,I., Weiss,A., et al, (2014) J.Clin.Endocrinol.Metab. 99 (6):2164-2172     10.1210/jc.2013-3856

A new understanding of the relationship between sugars, dental caries and fluoride use: implications for limits on sugars consumption
Sheiham,A. and James,W.P., (2014) Public Health Nutr. 1-9 S136898001400113X

Impact of dietary macronutrient distribution on BMI and cardiometabolic outcomes in overweight and obese children and adolescents: a systematic review
Gow,M.L., Ho,M., Burrows,T.L., et al, (2014) Nutr.Rev. 10.1111/nure.12111

Low-calorie sweeteners and body weight and composition: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials and prospective cohort studies
Miller,P.E. and Perez,V., (2014) Am.J.Clin.Nutr. ajcn.082826

Trends in dietary carbohydrate consumption from 1991 to 2008 in the Framingham Heart Study Offspring Cohort
Makarem,N., Scott,M., Quatromoni,P., Jacques,P. and Parekh,N., (2014) Br.J.Nutr. 1-14 S0007114513004443

Using doubly labelled water to validate associations between sugar-sweetened beverage intake and body mass among White and African-American adults
Emond,J.A., Patterson,R.E., Jardack,P.M. and Arab,L., (2014) Int.J.Obes. 38:603-609     10.1038/ijo.2013.130

'Obesity paradox' misunderstands the biology of optimal weight throughout the life cycle
Dixon,J.B., Egger,G.J., Finkelstein,E.A., Kral,J.G. and Lambert,G.W., (2014) Int.J.Obes. 10.1038/ijo.2014.59

Association between intake of nutrients and food groups and liking for fat (The Nutrinet-Sante Study)
Mejean,C., Deglaire,A., Kesse-Guyot,E., Hercberg,S., Schlich,P. and Castetbon,K., (2014) Appetite 78:147-155     10.1016/j.appet.2014.03.017

Added sugar intake in South Africa: findings from the Adult Prospective Urban and Rural Epidemiology cohort study
Vorster,H.H., Kruger,A., Wentzel-Viljoen,E., Kruger,H.S. and Margetts,B.M., (2014) Am.J.Clin.Nutr. 99:1479-1486     ajcn.113.069005

Sweetened beverage consumption is associated with increased risk of stroke in women and men
Larsson,S.C., Akesson,A. and Wolk,A., (2014) J.Nutr. 144:856-860     10.3945/jn.114.190546

Dietary sugars and cardiometabolic risk: systematic review and meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials of the effects on blood pressure and lipids
Te Morenga,L.A., Howatson,A.J., Jones,R.M. and Mann,J., (2014) Am.J.Clin.Nutr. ajcn.113.081521

Short-term effects of glucose and sucrose on cognitive performance and mood in elderly people
van der Zwaluw,N.L., van de Rest,O., Kessels,R.P. and de Groot,L.C., (2014) J.Clin.Exp.Neuropsychol. 36:517-527     10.1080/13803395.2014.912613 

Sweetened carbonated beverage consumption and cancer risk: meta-analysis and review
Boyle,P., Koechlin,A. and Autier,P.,(2014). Eur.J.Cancer Prev. 10.1097/CEJ.0000000000000015

The effect of normally consumed amounts of sucrose or high fructose corn syrup on lipid profiles, body composition and related parameters in overweight/obese subjects
Lowndes,J., Sinnett,S., Pardo,S., et al, (2014).  Nutrients 6:1128-1144     10.3390/nu6031128

Misconceptions about fructose-containing sugars and their role in the obesity epidemic
van Buul,V.J., Tappy,L. and Brouns,F.J., (2014). Nutr.Res.Rev. 1-12     10.1017/S0954422414000067

Dietary sugar and body weight: have we reached a crisis in the epidemic of obesity and diabetes?: we have, but the pox on sugar is overwrought and overworked
Kahn,R. and Sievenpiper,J.L., (2014). Diabetes Care 37:957-962     10.2337/dc13-2506

Dietary sugar and body weight: have we reached a crisis in the epidemic of obesity and diabetes?: health be damned! Pour on the sugar
Bray,G.A. and Popkin,B.M., (2014). Diabetes Care 37:950-956     10.2337/dc13-2085

Effect of fructose on markers of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD): a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled feeding trials
Chiu,S., Sievenpiper,J.L., de Souza,R.J., et al,. (2014).  Eur.J.Clin.Nutr. 10.1038/ejcn.2014.8

Protein leverage and energy intake
Gosby,A.K., Conigrave,A.D., Raubenheimer,D. and Simpson,S.J.,  (2014). Obes.Rev. 15:183-191    10.1111/obr.12131

Consumption of Less Than 10% of Total Energy From Added Sugars is Associated With Increasing HDL in Females During Adolescence: A Longitudinal Analysis
Lee,A.K., Binongo,J.N., Chowdhury,R., et al, (2014). J.Am.Heart Assoc. 3:e000615    10.1161/JAHA.113.000615

Yes, the government should tax soft drinks: findings from a citizens' jury in Australia
Moretto,N., Kendall,E., Whitty,J., et al, (2014).  Int.J.Environ.Res.Public.Health. 11:2456-2471     10.3390/ijerph110302456

Dietary strategies for the management of cardiovascular risk: role of dietary carbohydrates
Macdonald,I.A., (2014) Proc.Nutr.Soc. 1-5  10.1017/S0029665114000032

Dietary determinants of hepatic steatosis and visceral adiposity in overweight and obese youth at risk of type 2 diabetes
Mollard,R.C., Senechal,M., Macintosh,A.C., et al, (2014) Am.J.Clin.Nutr. 10.3945/ajcn.113.079277

Knowledge, perceptions, and behaviors of adults concerning nonalcoholic beverages suggest some lack of comprehension related to sugars
Rampersaud,G.C., Kim,H., Gao,Z. and House,L.A., (2014) Nutr.Res. 34:134-142
10.1016/j.nutres.2013.11.004; 10.1016/j.nutres.2013.11.004

Under-reporting remains a key limitation of self-reported dietary intake: an analysis of the 2008/09 New Zealand Adult Nutrition Survey
Gemming,L., Jiang,Y., Swinburn,B., Utter,J. and Mhurchu,C.N., (2014) Eur.J.Clin.Nutr. 68:259-264
10.1038/ejcn.2013.242; 10.1038/ejcn.2013.242

Sugars and risk of mortality in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study
Tasevska,N., Park,Y., Jiao,L., Hollenbeck,A., Subar,A.F. and Potischman,N., (2014) AJCN 10.3945/ajcn.113.069369

Added sugar intake and cardiovascular diseases mortality among US adults
Yang,Q., Zhang,Z., Gregg,E.W., Flanders,D., Merritt,R. and Hu,F.B., (2014) JAMA 10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.13563

Limitations of observational evidence: implications for evidence-based dietary recommendations
Maki,K.C., Slavin,J.L., Rains,T.M. and Kris-Etherton,P.M. (2014) Adv.Nutr. 5:7-15

Averting Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes in India through Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Taxation: An Economic-Epidemiologic Modeling Study
Basu,S., Vellakkal,S., Agrawal,S., Stuckler,D., Popkin,B. and Ebrahim,S., (2014) PLoS Med. 11:e1001582

Relationship of food addiction to weight loss and attrition during obesity treatment
Lent,M.R., Eichen,D.M., Goldbacher,E., Wadden,T.A. and Foster,G.D.,. (2014) Obesity (Silver Spring) 22:52-55

Effect of restriction on children's intake differ by child temperament, food reinforcement, and parent's chronic use of restriction.
Rollins,B.Y., Loken,E., Savage,J.S. and Birch,L.L., (2014) Appetite 73:31-39





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Eating a healthy, balanced diet along with taking regular exercise is key to physical and mental wellbeing.

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